Permaculture Design

An article about permaculture design. Article is published at ProNatMat main publication Promoting Natural Materials. See article here.


Articles and information about permaculture

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Principles of permaculture design by David Holmgren (pdf in Finnish and English)

University combines permculture, natural materials and survival skills. Photo report about permaculture in LUMO-centre. Article in Permaculture Magazine Sebtember 15, 2012. Read here

Presentation about permaculture principles (in Finnish)

Permaculture: A beginners guide (in English)

Learning how to make vermicompost in Sänna Culture Mansion

On Sunday, 19 June 2011, a vermicompost-making study class took place in Sänna Culture Mansion, as part of a series of permaculture study classes; the class was headed by Dr. Manfred Meyer from Germany who is a composting expert and has been living in Estonia for the past 15 years.

Some information about vermicompost: "...Worms process organic matter – manure and compost matter – much faster and more completely than micro-organisms in soil could do. By ingesting lots of plant matter, nematodes, microbes, fungi and algae together with the soil, the worms digest them; afterwards they excrete coprolites (these are soil heaps excreted by worms) which contain lots of humus, their own micro-flora, amino acids, ferments, vitamins and other biologically active substances which suppress pathogenic micro-flora. In the course of this, the organic mass loses its odour, infectious agents are destroyed, and the mass obtains a granular consistence and the pleasant smell of clean earth. The other unique property of the worms is that their passages in soil have a drying and structuring effect on the soil..."

Previous study classes have been held on the following subjects:

  • Creating a herb spiral and a mandala garden;
  • Establishing a potato field and planting potatoes (under straw);
  • Building a chicken tractor;
  • Building a dome greenhouse.

Read more about permaculture here. The project is led by Ieva Dubanevica and supported by the Open Estonia Foundation.

Source: Sänna Culture Mansion,

What is chicken tractor?


See article in estonian here:




Toomas Trapido describes permaculture as follows on the website of

The definition of permaculture was introduced by Australians David Holmgren and Bill Mollison in the middle of 1970s; their goal was to find positive solution to the imminent environmental and energy crisis. They initially defined permaculture as an integrated, evolutionary system consisting of animal and perennial plant species which are useful for humans. Now, after 30 years have passed, Holmgren adds that permaculture means knowingly planned land areas which imitate the patterns and relations found in nature and provide sufficient food, plant fibre, materials and energy for local needs.

The name "permaculture" comes from the words "permanent" and "agriculture", thus meaning both a permanent agricultural system and, in a wider sense, a permanent, sustainable culture that functions as a part of nature.

See video clips introducing permaculture here.

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