Introduction of the Month

Introduction of the Month gives you information about natural materials, experts, events or phenomena, which are actual in each month.

SPECIAL INTRODUCTION May 2012: Portsa association

Two members of the government of Portsa registered association visited at the Supilinn days in Tarto this year with a wiev to get to know this wooden house area and to discuss cooperation possibilities. Visit was executed as a part of ProNatMat-project.

At May people from Supilinn came to return visit to Portsa and there was at the programme follow-up conversation about wooden house communities cooperation forms with the members of the governmet of Portsa association.

But what is Portsa registered association. It is an association founded by people who live in Port Arhur a.k.a Portsa neighbourhood which only purpose was to save Portsa wooden house area wich was under threat of demolition. Instead of these houses wich retain one-storied and small apartments it was wanted bigger apartments in high block houses. It was year 1972. The first mission to recently founded association was to collect names to petition against demolition. That was the starting point of Portsa association which gained its goal. Protecting town plan was accepted to Portsa area. This was succeeded thanks to several cooperation partners and now Portsa has developed respected and wanted residential area.

Over the years this residents’ association that started as single-issue group has grown active neighbourhood society. Look closely at Portsa website: www.portsa.fi

Portsa association has arranged Portsa Streetmarket over 20 years.

SPECIAL INTRODUCTION February 2012: Some photos - Viljandi CA students explore craft tools history

Special Introduction in Estonian can You see here.

Translation to English is processing and coming soon...


SPECIAL INTRODUCTION November 2011: Ecomess at "Telliskivi Loomelinnak", Tallinn, 8-11 IX 2011.

Ecomess was the public festival, taken place 8.-11.September, 2011 in Tallinn, Estonia. The name came with the place, where the festival was happening. We choosed the creative centre „Telliskivi Loomelinnak“, Kalamaja Tallinn.

pivi

Telliskivi is a new area for creative activity on the edge of Old Town that through constantly evolving concept creates an environment for enterprise, educational and cultural institutions, art and entertainment events. Telliskivi's guidepost is cooperation between
its tenants and building a multifunctional creative center.

loengupidaja

The Kalinin Factory was an electromechanical industrial complex that was famous throughout the Soviet Union. Rumour had it that it produced complicated inventions that even found their way onto the Sputnik, the Soviet Union’s famous space satellite. It is very probable that everything
dealing with resistors, logic elements, and the first computer parts came from the Kalinin Factory.
However, today the operating factory has become a traditional industrial wasteland in the centre of Tallinn.

messisaal2

So, we thought it was the best place to revolt against the over-consumption. The meaning was to raise the glory back to the old building and natural building tips. To provide inspiration for the
construction of environmentally responsible, recycling, crafts and everyday life. There were workshops and forums, workshops and training sessions, movie nights, presentations and
exhibitions, craft and flea market, antiquemarket and ecobuilding projects taking place.

messisaal


Also we foung good partners in the residents of Telliskivi creative centre. They made some workshops, opened their offices and studios for the guests. Also the we got a lot of help from local coffee „F-hoone“, who patiently served meal and pastry for all guests, visitors and exponents of this festival.

Ave Timberg,

SRIK Tallinn

SPECIAL INTRODUCTION January 2012

Special Introduction in English can You see here.

SPECIAL INTRODUCTION August 2011: Goahti – native dwelling of the northern people

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Picture: Antonia Ringbom

Goahti is a pointed roof, coniform dwelling by nomadic people which northern European and Asian people particularly have been used for thousands of years. Archaeological reports have proved that goahti was the most commonly used dwelling in Finland during the Stone Age. Because construction materials of goahti decompose totally exactly sure information about Finnish dwellings doesn’t exist. It is assumed commonly that during the Stone Age and the Iron Age in Finland people live in goahtis which were roofed with common reed and twigs of spruce.


Building a goahti is started with placing three poles side by side and they are tied together at the top with a strong string. Tripod is raised up and its legs are spread 5-7 metres apart from each other. Legs now form an equilateral triangle. A required amount of poles are placed to lean against the frame evenly so that they form a circle. The poles are supported to each other with horizontal twigs by threading them between poles or by binding them to poles. Goahti is so getting steady side wards and it supports the roofing from below. Wood is now placed upon the frame so that they form a dense, even waterproof wall. Spruce is used commonly as construction material. Gaps in the wall are sealed with moss or birch bark. Also reeds, bark, turf, twigs, skins and fabrics that stayed in place with pressing trees were used as roofing.

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Picture: Antonia Ringbom


Goahti wood is usually carefully and well made. They are valuable possessions which was always carried with while moving from place to place. Good goahti trees are light to transport and broken pieces are easy to replace with new ones.


A goahti is rather placed on south slope of dry boreal pine forest, in relation to compass points so that the doorway is heading to south or south-east. It is also important that there is flowing place for the water or fjeld spring. In the middle of the goahti floor under the smoke opening there is a range gathered no more than 10 stones. Above the range there is a casserole hanging from iron trammel hooks or wooden hooks for cooking. The floor area of the goahti is divided in two parts from the place of the range, so called loito.

The background of the range is called posio and it is the most valuable place in goahti. In there food supplies, casseroles and dishes are kept.
When the livelihoods changed and construction techniques developed people moved to more permanent buildings. Goahti was still generally in use in the whole Finland in the 19th century. During the time of permanent buildings and chimneyless huts a goahti was used including as summer kitchen in the yards of houses.

 

Sources:
Paimentolaisten ja alkuperäiskansojen asumukset, Ihalainen, J.K Palladium kirjat, 2000
Pieni majakirja, Meskanen, Pihla, Kustannusosakeyhtiö Tammi, 2008
Suuri joki – Muinaista asiaa Kokemäenjoen rantamilta
http://www.pilvivene.com/suurijoki/  > Kivikauden kulttuurit > Kota asumuksena